Most Popular Question – Why did you write Bitterroot?

Book ideas don’t materialize out of nothing.  Built on foundations of experience, or rooted in something larger than a single story, ideas begin as ethereal and boundless shapes.  Over time they take form, eventually becoming distinct and real.  Bitterroot: A Salish Memoir of Transracial Adoption is such a book.  Although shaping the story has its […]

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Essay published in High Country News – Adoption Didn’t Solve the “Indian Problem”

During the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, American Indian children were placed with white families at a phenomenal rate.  By 1974, approximately 30% American Indian children were removed from their American Indian families and placed with non-Indian families.  Neglect was cited most often, a vague term that was responsible for changing the lives of Indian children, […]

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